|Auriculars||Loose-webbed feathers on the sides of a bird's head and overlying its |
ear openings. These feathers are also called "ear coverts".
|Belly||Or abdomen. That part of the undersurface of a bird's body from the |
breastbone to the vent or to the opening of the digestive tract.
|Crown||The top of the head of a bird; the area between its forehead or back of |
the head. In some birds, such as the Blue Jay, it can be called the crest.
|Eye Stripe||An identification marking for a stripe that appears above the eye.|
|Eyering||An identification marking applied to a ring around the eye.|
|Lores||Term for a small area on each side of a bird's face, between its eyes and |
the base of the upper part of its bill.
|Lower Mandible||The lower half of a bird's bill; equivalent to the lower jaw in a human |
being; used in the plural (mandibles) to indicate both the upper and lower
halves of the bill.
|Mantle||A term for the plumage of the back of a bird and the wing coverts on the |
top of its wings, especially applied to hawks and gulls; specifically the
feathers of the back and the folded wings.
|Nape||The back part of the neck. In a bird, the nape is the part of the hind neck |
just below the back part of the head.
|Primaries||Flight feathers attached to the manus, or the "hand" part of the wing.|
|Scapulars||A group of prominent feathers arising from a bird's shoulders.|
|Secondaries||Flight feathers attached to the forearm (ulna), nearer the bird's body than |
the primary feathers.
|Tail Feathers||A group of flight feathers at the end of the bird. This group of feathers is |
called the "rectrices" or "steering feathers".
|Tarsus||The straight part of a bird's foot immediately above its toes - the part of |
the foot that bears the toes; it corresponds to the arch of the human foot.
|Underparts||The under surface of the body of a bird from the base of the bill to the root|
of the tail.
|Undertail Coverts||Small feathers under the tail of a bird. They are collectively called the |
"crissum". An example of undertail coverts is the Gray Catbird with it's
rusty-red or chestnut feathers underneath.
|Upper Mandible||The upper half of a bird's bill. The upper half of the bill is called the "maxilla".|
|Upperparts||The whole upper surface of the body of a bird from the base of the bill to |
the root of the tail, but not applied to the wings or tail.
|Uppertail Coverts||Small feathers over the tail feathers.|
|Wing Coverts||The small feathers on top of the wings.|
|Wingbars||A term used to describe an identification marking on the wings. Usually a |
band or stripe of a different color.